Physical tests

Physical Tests
Physical Tests

All enterprises operating in the textile sector are trying to produce as much customer satisfaction as possible. Customer satisfaction can be achieved with the improvement of quality. Naturally, all textile products must undergo a series of tests and quality inspections. These tests and analyzes are carried out by the authorized laboratories in accordance with the standards and methods published by the domestic and foreign organizations, both at various production stages and on product basis.

It is very important for all enterprises in the textile sector to make qualified production, to keep the motivation of employees high, to have big goals, to catch up with the developing and changing technology and to adapt to this technology.

The most important factor in textile production is the quality and durability of the material. For example, the fastness values ​​of a dyed or printed textile product in this sector have never lost their importance from the past to the present, and on the contrary, it has become an even more important factor in creating customer satisfaction. Another example is the determination of the behavior of textile materials against the forces and factors to which they are exposed, ie the performance of use. Many strength tests are performed to see and analyze these behavior patterns.

It is not possible to determine the suitability and quality of textile products with a single measure. The quality of that product can be determined by measuring and analyzing the values ​​of a number of properties that indirectly concern its quality. Therefore, the appearance, color, pattern, washing properties and other properties which are extremely important for a textile product should be measured, analyzed and the results presented as a numerical size. However, it is a good idea to incorporate these features into the quality concept. For example, when checking the fastness of a textile product or a material used in production, its properties are expressed in numerical values ​​by using domestic and foreign standards and methods.

Therefore, the laboratories that will carry out the tests must be accredited from national or international accreditation organizations in accordance with the requirements of TS EN ISO / IEC 17025 General Conditions for the Competence of Testing and Calibration Laboratories. In addition, these laboratories should use the latest technology test equipment and equipments, apply the most accepted test methods and have an experienced and trained staff for the results to be high quality, reliable and fast.

Physical tests of textile products and materials used in production are carried out in a wide range. The main tests are:

  • Tear strength
  • Tear strength - pendulum principle (elmendorf)
  • Tensile strength - Grab
  • Tensile strength - Strip
  • Bursting strength
  • Sewing shift
  • Opening stitches
  • Stitch strength and stitch flexibility
  • Wrinkle-free angle
  • Pile holding strength
  • Pile wear
  • Return flexibility
  • Curve and rotation
  • Pilling - ICI pilling box
  • Pilling - Random tumble
  • Pilling - Martindale
  • Hair strength - ICI method
  • Pilling - Elastomeric pad
  • Pilling after washing - Polar
  • Abrasion resistance
  • Fabric weight
  • Fabric density
  • Fabric width
  • Length measurement
  • Fabric thickness
  • Texture type
  • Yarn count - from yarn
  • Yarn count - Fabric
  • Twist - Yarn
  • Twist - Fabric
  • Determination of OE - Ring
  • Color measurement
  • Whiteness index
  • Color wing difference
  • Sprinkler test
  • Spray test
  • Water permeability
  • Air permeability
  • Water vapor permeability
  • Water absorbency
  • Oil repellency
  • Stain repellency
  • Determination of drapery of textile fabrics
  • Test methods for non-cast fabrics - Determination of casting coefficient
  • Determination of density
  • Determination of fabric hardness
  • Zipper tests
  • Button strength
  • Button knock test
  • Studs tests
  • Accessory breaking strength
  • Toy safety: Part 1
  • Yarn strength