Fabric Benchmarks

Fabric Tests
Fabric Tests

Fabric production is the basis of the textile sector. Depending on the development of technology, new machines are produced and new techniques are developed. Thanks to these developed techniques, both the yarns used in the weaving of the fabric and the fabric are given different properties within the scope of fabric finishing processes.

For example, resistance to tearing, puncturing and breaking are the properties sought in almost all fabrics. It is especially important that the fabrics used in outerwear are resistant to different weather conditions. The importance of a torn garment or fabric for the consumer is largely lost. For this reason, tear strength, tensile strength and burst strength tests are performed on fabrics. During these tests, different methods such as wing method, trouser method or ballistic pendulum method are used.

In addition, tests are carried out for various purposes such as stitch slip, seam opening, stitch strength, stitch elasticity, wrinkle-free angle, pile holding strength, pile wear, return elasticity, pilling, feather strength and abrasion resistance.

In addition, in order to determine the physical properties of the fabric, fabric weight, fabric density, fabric width, length measurement, fabric thickness, texture type, color measurement, whiteness index, sprinkler test, spray test and many more tests are applied.

An important part of the fabric tests are related to the yarns used in weaving. Test results such as yarn count, twist properties, OE - Ring determination, yarn strength determine to a great extent the strength properties of the fabric.

As is known, finishing or finishing processes are carried out in order to give some additional properties to the post-woven fabric. Water permeability, water vapor permeability, air permeability, water absorbency, oil repellency and stain repellency tests of fabrics are carried out for this purpose.

In the accredited laboratories, all these tests are carried out within the scope of fabric tests. During these tests, laboratories are based on standards published by domestic and foreign organizations.