Soil ve Treatment sludge measurements

Soil and Sludge Measurements
Soil and Sludge Measurements

Unfortunately, agricultural land areas are losing productivity. Natural resources, water, soil and biological richness feed the agricultural sector on the one hand, but on the other hand significantly affect the efficiency, quality and diversity of the agricultural activities. According to the results of the research, the changes caused by the agricultural activities applied to date have affected the natural resources to a great extent. The soil system loses its productivity due to the lack of suitable agricultural techniques. Soil became susceptible to erosion and became barren. In addition, unconscious and uncontrolled use of pesticides and fertilizers, as well as excessive water consumption, have damaged the soil and water system and biodiversity.

The most important input of modern agricultural systems is chemical fertilizers. Fertilizer consumption in the world is increasing. However, only half of the fertilizer used in agriculture is beneficial to the plants, half of which is removed from the soil by irrigation, surface flow and evaporation and reaches other receiving environments. Unconscious and uncontrolled use of fertilizer both creates environmental pollution and threatens human health. Soils are polluted by heavy metals.

In addition, almost all pesticides (ie pesticides) are used in agriculture. However, most of these chemicals do not reach their target. Because harmful organisms that damage the cultivated areas gain resistance. In addition, many living species are destroyed by these chemicals. In Europe, so many bird species have disappeared in recent years, up to 90 percent.

Despite the prohibitions, most manufacturers continue to use pesticides. It is also known that some chemical vapors damage the ozone layer in the atmosphere. At the same time, these substances descend into deep soil layers and mix into groundwater.

Agricultural land is a vital and necessary natural resource for all countries. Thousands of years are needed for the formation of suitable agricultural land. Therefore, it is necessary to be very meticulous in using this resource.

In 2010, the Regulation on the Use of Domestic and Urban Treatment Sludges in Soil was issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. The purpose of this regulation is to regulate the principles of the precautions to be taken during the use of sewage sludge in soil. This regulation covers the applications for the controlled use of treatment sludges resulting from the treatment of domestic wastewater in the soil without damaging the plants, animals, people and soil.

Laboratories accredited by national and international accreditation bodies have been issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry in 2010 for the purpose of preventing soil pollution, identifying areas where there is contamination or areas of contamination, and identifying, recording, cleaning and monitoring contaminated areas. Conducts sampling and measurement and analysis activities within the framework of Regulation on Control of Soil Pollution and Contaminated Sites with Point Sources.

Contaminated soil in accordance with this regulation, when present or future land use is taken into account, represents a serious risk to human and environmental health, the presence of hazardous pollutants and the areas that need to be cleaned.

Within the scope of these studies, laboratories provide the following services:

  • Sampling
  • Determination of organic matter
  • Determination of dry matter
  • Eluate preparation - Extraction method
  • Heavy metal analysis
  • pH measurement
  • Chloride analysis
  • Fluoride analysis
  • Determination of nitrogen
  • Sulphate analysis
  • Phosphorus (P) analysis
  • Btex (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene) analysis
  • Determination of total cyanide
  • Determination of total dissolved matter
  • Determination of oil and grease
  • Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)
  • LOI - Determination of combustion loss

Accredited laboratories comply with TS EN ISO / IEC 17025 standard.